Medical Review Auschwitz project is developed as a platform for international academic discussion on the medical
aspects and consequences of the Nazi German persecution in the concentration camps, including the history of
physicians’ involvement in the Holocaust on the one hand, and on the other the heroic stances of prisoner
doctors and other medical practitioners interned in the camps who acted in defiance of the machine of genocide,
as well as the implications of the wartime medical history for present-day bioethics and medical practice.
Medical Review – Auschwitz was a scientific journal published annually from 1961 to 1991 by the Kraków Medical
Society. The periodical started as a reaction of the Cracovian physicians, many of them Nazi German camp
survivors themselves, to the unprecedented medical consequences that internment in concentration camps had for
prisoners, resulting in pioneering research, including that on posttraumatic stress disorder. It included over
1,000 articles based on detailed examinations of thousands of former prisoners and reflections of survivors who
were medical practitioners or professionals in medicine-related fields themselves, bringing a unique perspective
into the research presented. For a long time unavailable for the international community, Medical Review –
Auschwitz is now being successively translated into English and made available in open access.
Medical Review Auschwitz: Medicine Behind the Barbed Wire is an annual international conference organized since
2018 (with the next edition planned for 4–6 May 2020) intended to educate the world’s medical community about
the violations of medical ethics during the Second World War, the spectrum of medical professionals’ stances in
the face of the concentration camps—from the criminal to the heroic—and the contemporary ethical implications of
Nazi medicine and healthcare policy. The event is organized as a joint effort of a number of institutions from
Poland, Israel, and the US.