A preliminary list of the doctors in the Gross-Rosen camp

How to cite: Olszyna, R. A preliminary list of the doctors in the Gross-Rosen camp. Maria Kantor, trans. Medical Review – Auschwitz. November 4, 2019. https://www.mp.pl/auschwitz. Originally published as “Wstępny wykaz lekarzy obozu Gross–Rosen.” Przegląd Lekarski – Oświęcim. 1970: 169–171.

Author

Roman Olszyna, 1921–1999, Auschwitz-Birkenau survivor, No. 7889; Gross–Rosen survivor, No. 2608; Flossenbürg survivor, No. 85410; Dachau survivor, No. 160125. One of contributing authors of Medical Review – Auschwitz and the creator of the largest and most accurate available list of Gross–Rosen prisoners.

Introduction

The activities of the SS medical doctors and their subordinate hospital orderlies in the Gross–Rosen concentration camp have not yet been adequately described. Also, the existing publications and materials provide only a modest account of the activities of the prisoner-doctors who worked in the hospital barracks of the main Gross–Rosen camp and its numerous sub‑camps. These individuals did their best to thwart the SS-men’s intentions, while treating patients in extremely difficult conditions, often endangering themselves. Many prisoners in Gross–Rosen and its sub‑camps owed their survival to these prisoner-doctors.

In my opinion, it was a good thing that acclaimed authors, eye-witnesses and participants of the horrifying events, prisoner-doctors themselves, decided to publish their reports in Przegląd Lekarski – Oświęcim. The texts written by Kazimierz Hałgas, Bronisław Rubin, Romuald Sztaba, Józef Żegleń and other medical doctors are to be supplemented by other survivors’ recollections. They are the most informed people on the role of the SS doctors and other medical staff in Gross–Rosen, and will be the best to tell the story. Twenty-five years have now passed since the end of the Second Word War, but only a relatively small number of crimes committed by the SS medical staff of Gross–Rosen against the concentration camp prisoners have been brought to light.

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Casket II. Marian Kołodziej

The Gross–Rosen concentration camp was set up in August 1940. During its first ten months, it was a satellite camp of Sachsenhausen concentration camp. On 1 May 1941 it became an independent, second-category concentration camp. Considering the increasing number of transports to Gross–Rosen and its subsequent enlargement, we can distinguish three phases of its historical operations: 1) from August 1940 till 1 May 1941 (ca. 600 prisoners passed through the camp); 2) from May 1941 till the middle of 1943 (transports included almost 10,600 prisoners and 2,500 Soviet prisoners of war who were formally registered in Stalag 3181 at Lamsdorf); 3) from mid-1943 till mid-February 1945 (transports comprised over 100 thousand prisoners, including almost 5 thousand Erziehenhäftlinge [Corrective Labour Camp inmates] listed in a separate camp register; numerous sub-camps were established at this time).

The estimated death toll of Gross–Rosen is ca. 40 thousand, not counting those who died in the evacuation transports. The constantly rising numbers of inmates was accompanied by an increased number of SS men and officers. Crimes against prisoners were steadily rising. In 1941–1942 almost half of the prisoners were not fit to work.

In order to isolate them, the camp authorities decided to place them in two separate barracks. However, the barracks could not house all the sick and emaciated prisoners. They only signalled the existence of a camp hospital. During the entire operations of Gross–Rosen, its hospital facilities were incapable of meeting the inmates’ real needs. In 1944, the prisoners’ hospital consisted of six barracks in the main camp. The hospital facilities in the sub-camps were extremely humble, but the most tragic thing was the situation of the patients. Until mid-1942, no prisoner-doctors were allowed to treat patients who were left at the mercy of functionaries appointed from among German criminal prisoners. The prisoner-doctors worked in the local stone quarry. Although there was some improvement in the following years and more and more prisoner-doctors were assigned to treat patients in the hospital, their activities were severely limited by a lack of basic equipment and medications required for treatment. In the second half of 1944, block doctors were appointed. Although their activities focused on maintaining inmates’ personal hygiene and providing outpatient assistance, they played a significant role in preventing the outbreak of an epidemic which would have meant a risk of the SS staff killing all those who were infected.

***

An attempt to establish a list of SS-men serving as doctors and hospital orderlies, as well as a list of doctors of various nationalities imprisoned in Gross–Rosen, is extremely difficult. When the numerous sub-camps of Gross–Rosen were closed down at the beginning of 1945, followed by the evacuation of the main camp in February, the commandant and his staff meticulously destroyed the camp’s records. There are only a very few prisoners’ reports. In particular, we have no relevant information concerning the sub-camps. This article may contribute to completing the existing lists.

List of SS-doctors and hospital orderlies2


Horst Schumann, infamous criminal of the Auschwitz SS “health service.” Till April 1940 he was head of the Grafeneck euthanasia centre, and a physician “practising” there; later (until the end of 1941) he was head of the Sonnenstein euthanasia centre, where concentration camp prisoners were killed (see Kłodziński, S. in Przegląd Lekarski – Oświęcim; 1970: 39ff)

Kurt Babor, b. 23 Aug. 1918, SS-Hauptscharführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1941-1942, shot dead in Ethiopia in 1963. — Wilhelm Bahr, SS-Unterscharführer, SDG (Sanitätsdienstgrad – SS medical orderly), Bautzen sub-camp, 1944-1945. — Braun, SS-Unterscharführer, Gross–Rosen SDG, 1942-1943. — Dr Friedrich Entress,3 b. 8 Dec. 1914, SS-Hauptsturmführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1941 and 1944–1945, sentenced to death on 28 May 1947. — Karl Dehnel, SS-Scharführer, Gross–Rosen SDG, 1943-1945. — Friedrich Frank, SS-Hauptsturmführer, SS No. 314587, head of the Gross–Rosen SS pharmacy, 1943-1945. — Gloszak a.k.a. Wloszak, SS-Unterscharführer, Wiesau sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Fritz Herzog, b. 24 Apr. 1895, SS-Unterscharführer, SDG in the Riese sub-camps in 1944-1945. — Hoser a.k.a. Hofer, SS-Rottenführer, Friedland sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — J. Hoffmann, SS-Oberscharführer, Görlitz sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Dr Willi Jobst, SS-Untersturmführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1942-1943. — König, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1942-1944. — Koppmann a.k.a. Koppelbaum, SS-Unterscharführer, Langenbielau sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Fritz Kurzer, b. 16 Aug. 1895, SS-Oberscharführer, Gross–Rosen SDG, 1940-1942. — Dr Georg Meyer, b. 5 Sept. 1917, SS-Obersturmführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1941-1942. — Mulk, SS-Unterscharführer, Bunzlau sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Paterek a.k.a. Peterek, SS-Unterscharführer, Dyhernfurth sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Piedermann, SS-Unterscharführer, Hartmannsdorf sub-camp SDG. — Dr Lichter, SS-Obersturmführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1944. — Dr Heinrich Rindfleisch, SS-Obersturmführer, SS No. 289832, doctor in Gross–Rosen and Riese sub-camps, 1944-1945. — Silbertz, SS-Scharführer, SDG in Riese sub-camps, 1944-45. — Schäfer, SS-Rottenführer, Warmbrünn sub-camp, 1944-45. — Schmidt, SS-Hauptscharführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1941-1942. — Andi Schulz, SS-Unterscharführer, Breslau II sub-camp SDG, 1944-1945. — Dr Heinz Thilo,4 b. 08 Oct. 1911, SS-Obersturmführer, SS No. 126436, in Gross–Rosen doctor, 1944-1945, d. 13 May 1945. — Dr Friedrich Weigel, b. 1912, SS-Hauptsturmführer, SS No. 102687, head of Gross–Rosen dental centre, 1942-1945. — Dr Hermann Wieland, SS-Untersturmführer, Gross–Rosen doctor, 1940-1941.

List of prisoner-doctors5

Belgian citizens

Georges André, b. 31 Jan. 1889. — Raymond Casman, b. 7 May 1887. — Marie Dullier, b. 23 Mar. 1904. — Boris Fertman, b. 23 Nov.1891. — Gustave Fossaert, b. 24 Dec.1916. — Joseph Jacquet, b. 08 May 1904. — Fritz Theys, b. 04 Aug. 1905.

Czechoslovak citizens

Robert Brejner, b. 07 Sept. 1887. — Alexander Kuchel, b. 16 Apr.1893. — Otto Loor.

French citizens

Marie Augustine Chaband, b. 30 Oct. 1909. — Roger Chazette, b. 08 Jun. 1903. — Henri Duflot, b. 27 Nov. 1907. — Edmund Lajon, b. 19 Oct. 1881, No. 14980. — Joseph Maillard, b. 08 Feb. 1908, No. 65965. — Daniel Najmann, b. 02 Apr. 1910. — Lucien Nivelle, b. 21 Dec. 1913. — Michel Pouteau, b. 11 Nov.1911.

German citizen

Georg Kallmann, b. 26 Sept. 1873.

Hungarian citizens

Josef Abramowits, b. 12 Dec. 1896, No. 27868. — Mor Biro, b. 17 Jul. 1904, No. 44576. — Ignatz Csillag, b. 27 Apr. 1897, No. 44591. — Marton Deutsch, b. 17 Feb. 1905, No. 43484. — Dezso Feldmann, b. 27 Nov. 1903. — Sandor Fogel, b. 22 Nov. 1918, No. 33090. — Ferdinand Fried, b. 29 Jun. 1888, No. 37310. — Andreas Gergely, b. 27 Aug. 1912, No. 43616. — Gerö Glucksthal, b. 06 Jan. 1891, No. 43626. — Laszlo Gyorgy, b. 24 May 1903, No. 44454. — Alexander Grunwald, b. 19 Nov. 1898, No. 37410. — Eduard Klar, b. 22 Aug. 1899, No. 37528. — Armin Keme, b. 13 Apr. 1893. — Armin Klein, b. 17 Nov.1898, No. 37548. — Tiberiusz Kovari, b. 20 May 1904, No. 43775. — Ericos Levis, b. 20 Jun. 1913, No. 31412. — Isaak Mennheim, b. 24 Sept. 1900, No. 34516. — Josef Markowits, b. 23 Jan. 1902, No. 44238. — Beno Moskonits, b. 06 Nov. 1889, No. 37663. — Akiwa Perkal, b. 21 Nov. 1912, No. 26361. — Miklos Robert, b. 22 Dec. 1896, No. 44521. — Zoltán Schwimmer, b. 14 Dec. 1915, No. 37803. — Ferenz Soltesz, b. 11 Oct. 1910. — Alader Steinberger, b. 23 Feb. 1899, No. 37833. — Laszlo Szinetar, b. 30 Nov. 1900. — Endre Ungwari, b. 07 Jan. 1903, No. 44525. — Sandor Vogel, b. 22 Sept. 1916. — Sandor Waller, b. 30 Oct.1887, No. 44055. — Elek Weisz, b. 0l Aug. 1900, No. 43364.

Italian citizens

Mario de Benedetti, b. 10 Nov. 1892. — Garnero Galeano, b. 20 Oct. 1907. — Antonio Oiffarelli, b. 06 Dec. 1912.

Polish citizens

Stanisław Aramowicz, b. 27 Jul.1891, No. 15481. — Henryk Argand, 27 Apr.1914, No. 69643. — Kazimierz Biały, 11 Nov. 1908, No. 16255. — Władysław Bernadzikowski, b. 03 May 1895, No. 8776. — Bernikiewicz, No. 84660. — Aleksander Biberstein, b. 01 Aug.1895, No. 68913. — Włodzimierz Bołądź, b. 21 Dec.1909, No. 2972. — Bogucki. — Konrad Czerpikowski, b. 11 Feb. 1908. — Tadeusz Dąbrowski, b. 29 Mar. 1898, No. 23157. — Kacper Dębosz, b. 08 Dec. 1911, No. 84657. — Konrad Długoszewski, b. 22 Jan. 1911, No. 81110. — Włodzimierz Doktor, b. 27 Oct. 1906, No. 27774. — Jerzy Dudkiewicz, b. 23 Oct. 1918. — Józef Dziuk, b. 14 Jul. 1895, No. 58214. — Ludwik Fischer, b. 27 Dec. 1886, No. 7851, d. 1965. — Kornel Gibiński, b. 07 Sept. 1915, No. 7899. — Leon Gross, b. 03 Aug. 1910, No. 69138. — Zygmunt Gutentag, b. 27 Aug.1899. — Szyja Handler, b. 17 Dec. 1906, No. 69295. — Kazimierz Hałgas, b. 15 Dec. 1914, No. 1487. — Chaim Hilfstein, b. 14 Nov. 1866, No. 68895. — Ryszard Hanusz, b. 02 Feb. 1896, No. 27774, d. after the liberation of the camp. — Jan Heyko, No. 93110. — Jan Jachna, b. 03 Sept. 1910, No. 12962. — Stanisław Jagielski, b. 27 Sept. 1912, No. 74859. — A. Jankowski, b. 25 Feb. 1903, No. 16356. — Juda Katz, b. 14 Jul. 1914, No. 69149. — Edward Kołakowski, b. 2 Oct. 1905, No. 87999. — Stanisław Konopka, b. 24 May 1896, No. 27872. — Witold Kopczyński, b. 21 Feb. 1903, No. 27875. — Tadeusz Kosibowicz, b. 30 Nov. 1893, No. 27882. — Włodzimierz Kostecki, b. 22 Feb. 1901. — Mieczysław Kotarbiński, b. 31 Oct. 1903, No. 36275. — Zygmunt Kulig, No. 8752. — Stefan Kwiat, b. 12 Feb. 1901. — Lebiedyński. — Tadeusz Lech, b. 26 Mar. 1908, No. 3612. — Natan Lilienfeld, b. 09 Mar. 1895. — Jan Łukawski, 11 Mar. 1909, No. 5604. — Kazimierz Majewski, b. 1916, No. 7575. — Stanisław Mazurek, b. 18 Jan. 1900, No. 65482, d. 1965. — Antoni Mianowski, b. 08 Apr. 1917, No. 12963. — Mieczysław Michałowicz, b. 29 Aug. 1876, No. 29007, d. 1965. — Henryk Neumann, b. 26 Jun. 1916, No. 34789. — Jan Nowak, b. 23 Sept. 1908, No. 29040. — Stefan Nowak, b. 24 Mar. 1906. — Franciszek Nowak, b. 24 Jan. 1889, No. 82868. — Stanisław Olcha, b. 12 Apr. 1913. — Walenty Popek, b. 06. Jan. 1893, No. 8753. — Antoni Pieszak, b. 30 Oct. 1909, No. 7803. — Mieczysław Rieser, b. 10 Jul. 1917, No. 8754. — Bronisław Rogowski, b. 17 May 1883. — Stanisław Różycki, b. 28 Apr. 1911, No. 65299. — Bronisław Rubin, b. 19 Aug.1889. — Józef Szulc, b. 01 Oct. 1888, No. 46686. — Wilhelm Sluzar, b. 29 Apr.1901, No. 12579. — Leonard Szadurski, b. 06 Nov. 1887, No. 11757. — Romuald Sztaba, b. 26 May 1913, No. 29235. — Franciszek Szummer, b. 03 Jul. 1901, No. 64895. — Ludwik Szutkowski, b. 15 Aug. 1900, No. 81181. — Józef Twardowski, b. 01 Feb. 1900, No. 7910. — Norbert Wejrowski, b. 31 May 1909, No. 84588. — Ludwik Wierzbicki. — Jan Wójciński, b. 23 Dec. 1908, No. 9219. — Jan Woźniak, b. 04 Apr. 1912. — Jan Zaczek, b. 07 Mar. 1888, No. 1426, d. after the War. — Władysław Zapałowicz, b. 01 Apr. 1886, No. 7858. — Konrad Zembrzuski, b. 08 Mar. 1915, No. 74868. — Józef Żegleń, b. 04 Mar. 1890, d. 1965. — Leonard Żychski, No. 1418.

Romanian citizen

Jacobi Avert, b. 16 May 1890.

Slovak citizens

Seigfried Aroly, b. 31 Jan. 1917, No. 73822. — Juda Buys, b. 17 Oct. 1910, No. 73801. — Ernst Furst, b. 12 Aug. 1907, No. 73953. — Otto Fischl, b. 26 Feb. 1912, No. 73841. — Jurai Komeny, b. 18 May 1913, No. 73955. — Wawro Komeny, b. 22 Jun. 1915. — Otto Lehr, b. 19 Apr. 1911, No. 73811. — Iwan Synlar, b. 09 Jan. 1908, No. 73945. — Otto Stein, b. 5 Apr. 1912, No. 73913. — Franz Veticki, b. 02 Jul.1908, No. 73818. — Wilhelm Weiselewicz, b. 22 Apr.1913, No. 73927. — Karl Zimmer, b. 6 Apr. 1901, No. 73933.

Soviet citizens

Vasiliy Antonov, b. 20 Aug. 1914, No. 14124. — Vasiliy Borodin, b. 14 Feb. 1918. — Mikhail Kirillov, b. 29 Jul. 1914. — Nikolai Makhaditov, b. 01 Jan. 1916, No. 89897. — Ivan Movchan, b. 23 Jun. 1912. — Grigoriy Petrov, b. 20 Nov. 1900, No. 20941. — Maksim Titarenko, b. 13 Mar. 1918. — Ivan Uvarov, b. 14 Mar. 1918.

Translated from original article: Roman Olszyna, “Wstępny wykaz lekarzy obozu Gross–Rosen.” Przegląd Lekarski – Oświęcim, 1970.

Notes
1. Stalag 318/VIII F. Later renamed Stalag(344) Lamsdorf. http://www.cmjw.pl/obozy1/lata1939-1945/stalag-viii-b-344-lamsdorf/ (Accessed 13 Oct. 2019)a
2. These data were compiled mainly on the basis of survivors’ recollections; hence some items may be misspelled. The translator corrected confirmed misspellings. These lists do not give the full data for the prisoners and SS staff.b
3. SS chief physician of Gross–Rosen in 1941. Later served in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Pioneer of the phenol jab method of killing prisoners. Sentenced to death by the American military court and hanged on 28 May 1947.b
4. Thilo was previously an SS doctor in Auschwitz-Birkenau, which he called the anus mundi. He committed suicide shortly after the end of the War.b
5. This list is divided according to the prisoner doctors’ citizenship rather than according to their national, ethnic, or religious identity. Hence the placement of the Jewish prisoner doctors under their respective pre-WW2 citizenships. This division was retained from the original article.c
a—notes courtesy of prof. Susan Miller; b—Head of the Medical Review Auschwitz translating team’s notes; c—Website Editor’s note.

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